Technical Electives Course Descriptions

ENME 400: Machine Design
Uses and limitations of finite element analysis, analysis of machine components: straight and curved beams, gears, shafts, plates, shells, bolts, screws, and flanges. 3 credits. This course is a required course for all students entering the Mechanical Engineering program in Fall 2015 or later.

ENME 406: Roller Coaster Engineering
Engineering of roller coasters. Specification. Concept creation. Structural design. Car design. Safety. Biomechanics and rider kinematics. Manufacturing aspects. 3 credits.

ENME 408: Selected Topics in Engineering Design: Automotive Design
Prerequisite: An ability/desire to analyze and solve open ended engineering design problems. No prior automotive experience is required, but it is helpful. 3 credits.

ENME 410: Design Optimization
Introduction to design optimization. Step by step design optimization techniques. Design optimization concepts and solution techniques . Solution evaluation and tradeoff exploration. 3 credits.

ENME 414: Computer Aided Design
Prerequisite: MATH 241 or equivalent. Introduction to computer graphics. Plotting and drawing with computer software. Principles of writing interactive software. The applications of computer graphics in computer aided design. Computer aided design projects. 3 credits.

ENME 416: Additive Manufacutring
Prerequisite: ENME 272, ENME 331. A comprehensive understanding of fundamental additive manufacturing – alternatively, “three-dimensional (3D) printing” – approaches, including extrusion-based deposition, stereolithography, powder bed-based melting, and inkjet-based deposition. 3 credits.

ENME 421: Engineering Design Ideation
Corequisite: ENME 371. A technical elective for students who wish to improve their ability to produce design ideas (i.e., the ideation process) for further development into conceptual ideas. Ideation is the creative, idea generation activity that happens at the beginning of the conceptual design process. Ideation methods are often built around creativity improving strategies and are often designed for individual use prior to presenting the results in a team setting. 3 credits.

ENME 423: Modern Climate Control and Building Energy Design/Analysis
Prerequisite: ENME 232. Corequisite: ENME 332. Fundamentals and design calculations of heat and moisture transfer in buildings; evaluation of cooling, heating and power requirements of buildings.; building energy consumption simulations, use of alternative energy and energy conservation measures in buildings; fundamentals of fans/pumps and air/water distribution in buildings; introduction to refrigeration and energy systems for data centers and other mission-critical facilities. 3 credits.

ENME 424: Urban Microclimate and Energy
Corequisite: ENME 332. Recommended: ENME 423. This course examines urban microclimate from the perspective of transient heat and mass transfer using building energy simulations for building clusters. The focus is on understanding building energy consumption and environmental impacts from the individual building scale (~100) to a neighborhood scale (~103). 3 credits.

ENME 426: Production Management
Manufacturing system design and control problems. Manufacturing strategy. Just-in-time manufacturing. Facility layout and location, production planning, capacity planning, material requirements planning, inventory control, shop floor control, project scheduling. 3 credits.

ENME 427: CSI Mechanical: Finding Reasons for Compromised Structural Integrity
Study the reasons why structures and systems fail and how the root causes of these failures are diagnosed and mitigated. Students will be encouraged to combine concepts from engineering, natural sciences, social sciences, and ethics to address these complex issues. Students will be introduced to the basics of failure analysis and reliability engineering, and they will learn the scientific fundamentals underlying the most common types of failure (e.g. fatigue, corrosion). 3 credits.

ENME 430: Fundamentals of Nuclear Reactor Engineering
Prerequisites: MATH 246. Fundamental aspects of nuclear physics and nuclear engineering, including nuclear interactions; various types of radiation and their effects on materials and humans; and basic reactor physics topics, including simplified theory of reactor critically. 3 credits.

ENME 431: Nuclear Reactor Systems and Safety
Prerequisites: ENME 430, MATH 246. This course covers engineering, material and thermal aspects of light water reactors, fast reactors, high temperature gas reactors, heavy water moderated reactors, breeder reactors, advanced reactors including GEN IV designs.  The course also reviews the evolution of light water reactor safety and regulation in the United States that has culminated in the current body of regulations.  It will discuss concepts such as the defense-in-depth, reasonable assurance, single failure criterion, safety margins, safety goals, and risk-informed and performance-based regulatory paradigms. 3 credits.

ENME 432: Reactor and Radiation Measurements Laboratory
Prerequisites: ENME 430, MATH 246. Basic concepts of nuclear radiation including types of radiation, radioactive decay, and interaction of radiation with matter.  Methods of radiation measurements using modern radiation detectors and processing electronics.  Course lectures emphasize the principles upon which the measurements are based. 3 credits.

Learn how to apply techniques from Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning to solve engineering problems and design new products or systems. Design and build a personal or research project that demonstrates how computational learning algorithms can solve difficult tasks in areas you are interested in. Master how to interpret and transfer state-of-the-art techniques from computer science to practical engineering situations and make smart implementation decisions.
ENME 442: Information Security
The materials presented are divided into three major components: overview, detailed concepts and implementation techniques. The topics to be covered are: general security concerns and concepts from both a technical and management point of view, principles of security, architectures, access control and multi-level security, trojan horses, covert channels, trap doors, hardware security mechanism, security models, security kernels, formal specifications and verification, networks and distribution systems and risk analysis.
ENME 444: Assistive Robotics
Prerequisite: ENME 351. Fundamentals of assistive robots used in a wide varietyof ways to help humans with disabilities. Three application areas will be covered: (1) Rehabilitation robotics to recover motor function from neurologic injuries such as stroke, (2) Prosthetics to enable mobility function in amputees, and (3) Social robotics for cognitive impairment and developmental disorders such as autism. Theory behind different control systems employed by assistive robotics, as well as the mechanical design, sensors & actuators, and user interfaces behind representative robots in the respective areas. Guidelines for designing assistive robots. Ethical and regulatory considerations in the design of assistive robots. 3 credits.

ENME 454: Vehicle Dynamics
Prerequisite: A passionate desire to understand why your vehicle handles the way it does. Corequisite: ENME 361. This course will cover basic handling and performance issues for light duty vehicles and trucks. 3 credits.

ENME 461: Control Systems Laboratory
Prerequisites: ENME 351 & ENME 361.This laboratory course gives students a hands-on introduction to the control of networked and distributed systems. The course is designed to bring students in contact with aspects of feedback control, control over networks and distributed control. Students will build, test and use computer-controlled and distributed systems. 2 credits.

ENME 464: Cost of Analysis for Engineers
Prerequisite: ENME392; or students who have taken courses with comparable content may contact the department. Restriction: Permission of ENGR-Mechanical Engineering department.
An introduction to the financial and cost analysis aspects of product engineering. Introduces key elements of traditional engineering economics including interest, present worth, depreciation, taxes, inflation, financial statement analysis, and return on investment. Provides an introduction to cost modeling as it applies to product manufacturing and support. Cost modeling topics will include: manufacturing cost analysis, life-cycle cost modeling (reliability and warranty), and cost of ownership.

ENME 465: Probability Based Design
Prerequisite: ENME 392, MATH 206 or ENME 202. Theory and application of Monte Carlo simulation and probability for engineering design problems. Two case studies that involve simulation and analysis for best engineering designs.  One in wind power and other energy planning, one in manufacturing. 3 credits.

ENME 466: Lean Six Sigma
Prerequisites: BMGT 230, ENME 392, STAT 400 or equivalent.This course intends to provide in-depth understanding of Lean Six Sigma and its Define - Measure - Analyze - Improve - Control (DMAIC) Breakthrough Improvement Strategy. The emphasis is placed on the DMAIC process which is reinforced via application of semester long corporate projects and case study analysis. 3 credits.

ENME467: Engineering for Social Change
Prerequisites: Junior or Senior standing. Critical analysis of issues at the intersection of engineering, philanthropy and social change. How engineering design, products and processes have impacted social change in the past and will do so in the future. Topics covered include energy, sustainability and climate change, autonomy, the digital future, low cost engineering, manufacturing, ethics and the impact of electronics on society. Faculty and external experts will engage with students on these topics. Students will award a significant amount of grant money to an organization involved in technology for social change. Restriction: Permission of ENGR-Mechanical Engineering department; and junior standing or higher. 3 credits.

ENME 470: Finite Element Analysis
Prerequisites: Senior standing and permission of the department. Basic concepts of the theory of the finite element method. Applications in solid mechanics and heat transfer. 3 credits.

ENME 473: Mechanical Design of Electronic Systems
Prerequisites: ENME 310, ENME360, and ENME 321. Design considerations in the packaging of electronic systems. Production of circuit boards and design of electronic assemblies. Vibration, shock, fatigue and thermal considerations. Delivered via ITV. 3 credits.

ENME 474: Design in Electronic Product Development
Prerequisite: ENME 473. Merges technology, analysis, and design concepts into a single focused activity that results in the completed design of an electronic product. A set of product requirements are obtained from an industry partner, the the students create a specification for the product, iterate the specifications with the industry partner, then design and analyze the product. 3 credits.

ENME 476: Mircoelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) I
Prerequisite: Senior standing. Fundamentals of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). Introduction to transducers and markets. MEMS fabrication processes and materials, including bulk micromachining, wet etching, dry etching, surface micromachining, sacrificial layers, film deposition, bonding, and non-traditional micromachining. Introduction to the relevant solid state physics, including crystal lattices, band structure, semiconductors, and doping. The laboratory covers safety, photolithography, profilometry, wet etching. 3 credits.

ENME 477: Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) II
Prerequisite: ENME 476/808K. This is part 2 of 476. The 2-semester course covers the fundamental basis of MEMS and microsystems technology. This is a broad course that provides a classroom overview as well as a laboratory component. 3 credits.

ENME 482 - Lab On-a-chip Microsystems
Restriction: Senior standing; and permission of ENGR-Mechanical Engineering department. Credit only granted for: ENME489E, ENME808E. Formerly: ENME489E.
Fundamentals and application of lab-on-a-chip and microfluidic technologies. A broad view of the field of microfluidics, knowledge of relevant fabrication methods and analysis techniques, and an understanding of the coupled multi-domain phenomena that dominate the physics in these systems.

ENME 483: Physics of Turbulent Flow
Prerequisite: ENME 331. Introduction to turbulent flow. Flow past a truck. Physics of Homogeneous and Isotropic Turbulence. Modeling dissipation. Physics of Homogeneous Shear Flow and turbulent transport. Physics of Channel and Pipe Flows. Transport modeling.  RANS and LES models. Physics of boundary layer. Hybrid  RAN/LES models and flow simulation.  Computing the flow past a truck.

This course will emphasize the creation of interactive graphic displays from the numerical simulation of a wide variety of mechanical engineering models.  A brief description of each model will be provided along with the parameters that will be varied to explore the models’ characteristics.  Conclusions will then be drawn from the use of each interactive graphic. Mathematica has been chosen to perform the numerical calculations and to create the interactive graphics.  The Mathematica language will be introduced and interwoven with the numerical simulation of the models and their display.

ENME 488: Special Problems

Prerequisite: Permission of department chairman. Advanced problems in mechanical engineering with special emphasis on mathematical and experimental methods. 3 credits.

ENME 489A: Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering: Air Pollution
Prerequisites: ENME 232 and ENME 331. The course is intended to give students an understanding of air pollution, its sources (internal combustion engines, power generation and industrial emissions) and how it can be controlled. 3 credits.

ENME 489B: Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering: Mechatronics and the Internet of Things
Prerequisites: ENME 351. This project-driven course will provide a structured hands-on environment to strengthen students’ understanding of mechatronics principles introduced in ENME 350/351, and extend these concepts to the Internet of Things (IoT) in which sensors and actuators are embedded into physical objects together with wireless communications, enabling remote interaction with these objects through the Internet. The course will progress through an overview of electrical, mechanical, computing, and software systems relevant to mechatronics and IoT, in-class labs integrating a variety of sensor, actuator, computing, and communications technologies into IoT objects, and projects that will allow students to demonstrate mastery of the course materials. 3 credits.

ENME 489C: Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering: Medical Robots
3 credits.

ENME 489D: Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering: Fundamentals of Aircraft Stability & Control
Prerequisites: ENME 331, ENME 489F, PHYS 270. This course will cover the fundamentals of near earth flight mechanics associated with fixed wing air vehicle atmospheric flight.  Primary topics will include review of basic aerodynamics and an introduction to basics of configurational aero effects, flight performance, vehicle stability, and aeromechanics control.  This will be done through processes such as lectures, tests, homework assignments, lab events with flight simulators, and a special project involving an RC aircraft instrumentation and flight.  Periodic relevance to real-world examples of applied aerodynamics based on the instructors 30+ years of experience within the area of aeromechanics toward military aviation will be included. 3 credits.

ENME 489E: Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering: Design for Sustainability
3 credits.

ENME 489F: Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering: Fundamentals of Atmospheric Flight Aerodynamics
Prerequisites: ENME 331, PHYS 270, MATH 246, MATH 206 or ENME 202. This course will cover the fundamentals of near earth aerodynamics associated with fixed wing air vehicle atmospheric flight.  Primary topics will include review of basic fluid flow equations of motion, airfoil and wing theory, and compressible flow effects.  This will be done through processes such as lectures, tests, homework assignments, and a special topic review project.  Periodic relevance to real-world examples of applied aerodynamics based on the instructors 30+ years of experience within the area of aeromechanics toward military aviation will be included. 3 credits.

ENME 489G Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering: Proceesing of Materials in Manufacturing
3 credits.

ENME 489I: Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering: Computational Fluid Mechanics
Prerequisites: ENME 331. This course considers finite difference and grid-free vortex methods  for simulating fluid flow. The basics of numerical techniques including considerations of stability, consistency and convergence will be presented. MATLAB will be used as the basis for developing codes that implement the algorithms that are derived and discussed in class. Applications include an elliptically loaded wing, one and two-dimensional heat conduction and the flow into and out  of a room. To a large extent the course will be self-contained by including a review of the fluid equations and those aspects of MATLAB that are essential for applying the numerical algorithms and  analyzing the computed  flow fields they produce. 3 credits.

ENME 489K: Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering: Renewable Energy
Prerequisites: ENES232 and ENME331. This course will provide students with the fundamentals, design tools, and state-of-the-art alternative energy technologies. 3 credits.

ENME 489L: Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering: Biologically Inspired Robots
This course will consist of 3 main parts: Fundamentals of traditional robotic manipulators, fundamentals of biologically inspired robotics, and design and fabrication of biologically inspired robots. 3 credits.

ENME 489M: Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering: Ultra-low Energy Use Appliance Design I
Prerequisite: ENES 232. The goal of the course is to drive energy efficiency innovation in thermal systems used in and around U.S. buildings. The course will address and discuss in detail on the psychrometric processes, vapor compression cycles and heat exchanger designs.  Students will gain a thorough understanding of the potentials of these emerging technologies and experience various aspects of research and development in engineering: modeling and designing of psychrometric processes, various cycles, heat exchangers and controls, fabricating components, constructing test facility and conducting testing. Outcome of this course will be applied to UMD’s 2017 Solar Decathlon project house. 3 credits.

ENME489N: Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering: Residential and Industrial Energy Audit
Prerequisite: ENES232, ENME331, and permission of department. Trends in energy resources and technologies, followed by energy audit/analysis of both residential and commercial facilities. Energy accounting procedures for electrical, mechanical and HVAC systems and respective life-cycle cost analysis. Students will gain hands on experience conducting energy audit, as well get introduced to annual energy consumption/ analysis simulation tools. 3 Credits.

ENME 489P: Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering: Internal Combustion Engines
Prerequisites: ENES 232, ENME 331, and permission of department. Co-requisite: ENME332. 3 credits.

ENME 489Q: Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering: Managing for Innovation and Quality
Prerequisites: ENES 371. Product development and total quality management. 3 credits.

ENME 489R: Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering: Fiber Optics
This course will serve as an introduction to basic concepts pertinent to the field of fiber optics and development of fiber optic sensor systems. The course will be structured in two parts, with the first part addressing the fundamentals of fiber optics and the second part addressing construction of fiber optic sensor systems. 3 credits.

ENME 489T: Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering: Nuclear Reactor Design
Prerequisites: ENME 430 and MATH 246.
The major objective of ENME 489T is to have the student understand the fundamental concepts of nuclear reactor design in addition to the fundamental nuclear reactor physics concepts learned in ENME 430. 3 credits.

ENME 489V: Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering: Mechanical Contracting
Mechanical contracting concepts in the ‘real world’.  Specifications, drawings, proposals, cost estimates, scheduling, project bill of materials, labor costs, subcontracting, vendor quote analysis. 3 credits.

ENME 489W: Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering: Pollution and Waste Technology
This course is designed to give students an understanding of thermal destruction, incineration, and combustion of solid wastes and the associated problem of air pollution from these sources. Emphasis is on solid wastes, current practice for the design of thermal destruction systems and future challenges for the design of advanced thermal destruction systems as well as the associated problem of environmental pollution. 3 credits.

ENME 489X: Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering: Energy Conversion Systems for Sustainability
Prerequisite: ENES 232. This course will focus on energy sustainability with view to changing global energy availability and use, and addresses the objective of greatly reducing the dependence on the finite fossil energy sources and move to the environmentally benign sustainable energy. The emphasis will be on sustainability issues, discussion on supply, demand and storage, energy transmission, global warming and carbon management, biomass- resources, uses and production of biofuels, national energy policy discussion, carbon emission, energy security and economics to ensure future energy needs can be met without compromising the ability of future generation to meet their own needs. 3 credits.

ENME 489Y: Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering: Remote Sensing
Prerequisite: ENME 351. Analysis and design of active and passive remote sensing techniques including light detection and ranging (lidar), radar, and digital image processing. Completion of a project employing the course material, CAD, rapid prototyping, and data collection & processing. 3 credits.

ENME 489Z: Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering: Advanced Strength of Materials
Prerequisite: permission of department. Develops the concepts of stress and strain in three dimensions for design analysis. Material behavior is accounted for in the constitutive modeling of solids including metals, ceramics, and composites by generalized Hooke's law, nonlinear elastomers such as rubber or soft biological tissue by nonlinear elasticity and polymers by viscoelasticity. Linear elasticity is developed and applied to curved beams, torsion of a rod, pressurized thick-walled cylinders, etc. Equilibrium deformation analysis by energy methods (the foundation of the finite element method) is developed and applied to plates, etc. 3 credits.

ENRE 447: Fundamentals of Reliability Engineering
Reliability engineering is an engineering field that deals with the study of life performance of engineering structures, components and systems. Formally it determines the probability that a product or system will perform its intended function for a specified period of time under specified environmental conditions. The course is designed to give a thorough philosophical base for reliability engineering and mathematical techniques used along with frequent examples of application. 3 credits.