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Gupta, Ashwani K.

Ashwani K. Gupta
Distinguished University Professor
Department of Mechanical Engineering
2159 Glenn L. Martin Hall, Building 088
University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742

Research Interests 

  • Swirl flows
  • Combustion
  • Sprays
  • High-temperature air combustion
  • Biofuels
  • Distributed combustion
  • Microcombustion
  • Alternative fuels
  • Pollution
  • Gas turbine combustion
  • Flowfield modeling
  • Nonintrusive diagnostics
  • Highly preheated air combustion
  • Thermal destruction of solid and liquid wastes
  • Gasification; sensors
  • Internal combustion engines
  • Fouling and deposition
  • Pulse detonation
  • Combustion in microengines


Professor Ashwani K. Gupta has been a faculty member in the Mechanical Engineering Department at the University of Maryland, College Park since 1983, following six years at MIT as a member of the research staff in the Energy Laboratory and Department of Chemical Engineering, and three years at Sheffield University as an independent research worker and research fellow in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Fuel Technology.  He has over 35 years of experience in Combustion engineering since his graduation from Southampton University in 1970, and is the author of over 550 technical papers, three books, and 10 edited books. In 2016, Dr. Gupta was elected to Fellowship of the Royal Aeronautical Society (RAeS), UK, the highest professional recognition bestowed by the RAeS.  He is currently Fellow of American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics AIAA), Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), and International Society of Energy and Environment Sustainability (ISEES).


  • D.Sc., 1986, University of Sheffield, England
  • Ph.D., 1973, University of Sheffield, England

Honors and Awards 

  • Fellow, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Society of Automotive Engineers, and Institute of Energy [U.K.]
  • ASME George Westinghouse Gold Medal (1998)
  • ASME James Harry Potter Gold Medal Award (2003)
  • ASME James N. Landis Medal (2004)
  • ASME Worcester Reed Warner Medal (2008)
  • ASME Holly Medal (2010)
  • ASME-AIM Percey Nichols Award (2011)
  • AIAA Energy Systems Award (1990) and Propellants and Combustion Award (1999)
  • Seven Best Paper Awards by AIAA and ASME
  • University of Maryland President Kirwan Research Award (2003)
  • University of Maryland A. James Clark School of Engineering Outstanding Research Award (2006)
  • Distinguished University Professor (2008)
  • Gave over 80 Plenary/Keynote/Invited presentations at international conferences and organizations during the past 15 years

Professional Memberships and Service 

  • Editor in Chief of APEC Youth Scientist Journal
  • Editor of Journal of Applied Energy
  • Associate Editor of International Fuel Sprays and Combustion Dynamics
  • Associate Editor of Journal of Sustainable Energy and Environment
  • Editor, Energy and Engineering Science Series, CRC Press
  • Associate Editor, J. Prop. and Power; Chair, Board of Boiler Rules, State of Maryland
  • Member, Science Advisory Committee, State of Maryland Power Plant Program
  • Chair, ASME Fuels and Combustion Tech. Division
  • Executive Committee Member, ASME Computers and Information in Engineering
  • Director of Propulsion and Energy, and Member of Board of Directors, AIAA
  • Oversight Chair, International Conference on Incineration and Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3)

Selected Publications 


  • Abdelhafez, A. and Gupta, A. K., "Effect of Swirl on Mixing in Underexpanded Supersonic Airflow", J. Propulsion and Power, Vol. 27, No. 1, January-February, 2011, pp. 117-131.
  • Ahmed, I. I., Nipattummakul, N., Gupta A. K., "Characteristics of Syngas from Co-Gasification of Polyethylene and Woodchips", J. Applied Energy, Vol. 88, 2011, pp. 165-174.


  • Arghode, V. and Gupta, A. K, "Development of High Intensity CDC Combustor for Gas Turbine Engines", J. Applied Energy, Vol. 88, November 2010, pp. 963-973. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2010.07.038.
  • Vijayan, V., and Gupta, A. K., "Combustion and Heat Transfer at Meso-scale with thermal recuperation", J. Applied Energy, Vol. 87, No. 8, August 2010, pp. 2628-2639.
  • Ahmed, I., and Gupta, A. K., "Pyrolysis and Gasification of Food Waste: Syngas Characteristics and Char Gasification Kinetics", J. Applied Energy, Vol. 87, 2010, pp. 101-108.


  • Ahmed, I., and Gupta, A. K., "Hydrogen Production form Polystyrene Pyrolysis and Gasification Characteristics and Kinetics", Intl. J. of Hydrogen Energy, June, 2009, Volume 34, Issue 15, August 2009, Pages 6253-6264.
  • Gautam, V. and Gupta, A. K., "Cryogenic Flow and Atomization from a Coaxial Injector", J. Propulsion and Power, Vol. 25, No. 1, Jan-Feb. 2009, pp. 33-39.
  • Kim, H. S., Arghode, V. K., Linck, M., and Gupta, A. K., "Hydrogen Addition Effects in a Confined Swirl Stabilized Methane-air Flame", International J. Hydrogen Energy, 34, 2009, pp. 1054-1062.
  • Linck, M. and Gupta, A. K., "Twin-Fluid Atomization and Novel Lifted Swirl-Stabilized Spray Flames", J. Propulsion and Power, Vol. 25, No. 2, March-April 2009, pp. 343-356.
  • Linck, M, Gupta, A. K. and Yu, K., "Submerged Combustion and Two-phase Exhaust Jet", J. Propulsion and Power, Vol. 25, No. 2, March-April 2009, pp. 522-532.


  • Mortberg, M., Blasiak, W. and Gupta, A. K., "Experimental Investigation of Flow Phenomena of a Single Fuel Jet in Cross-Flow during Highly Preheated Air Combustion Conditions", J. Eng. for Gas Turbine and Power, Vol. 129, No. 2, April 2007, pp. 556-564.


  • Tsuji, H., Gupta, A.K., Hasegawa, T., Katsuki, M., Kishimoto, K., and Morita, M., “High Temperature Air Combustion: From Energy Conservation to Pollution Reduction,” CRC Press, 2003, 401 pages.


  • Gupta, A.K., M. Lewis, and M. Dauer, “Swirl Effects on Combustion Characteristics of Premixed Flames,” ASME J. of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, Vol. 123, No. 3, pp. 619-626, 2001.

Related News 

Gupta Named ASME Honorary Member
Distinguished University Professor Ashwani Gupta has been named a 2016 Honorary Member of ASME. June 29, 2016

Gupta Receives Golden Elephant Award from Surindra Rajabhat University, Thailand
Mechanical Engineering Distinguished Professor Ashwani Gupta recognized for scientific achievement and academic collaboration. June 14, 2016

Professor Ashwani Gupta Awarded Honorary Doctorate
Gupta was honored with the degree by the University of Derby, United Kingdom. May 10, 2016

Mechanical Engineering Professors Receive DURIP Awards
Two professors win awards to support new research instrumentation. March 9, 2016

Gupta Receives ASEE 2015 Ralph Coats Roe Award
Distinguished University Professor Ashwani Gupta receives 2015 Ralph Coats Roe Award at ASEE annual conference. September 3, 2015

Gupta Receives AIAA Air Breathing Propulsion Award
Department of Mechanical Engineering Distinguished University Professor Ashwani Gupta receives 2014 AIAA Air Breathing Propulsion Award. May 29, 2014

Gupta and Khalil Receive ASME Melville Medal
Professor Ashwani Gupta and graduate student Ahmed Khalil awarded Melville Medal at the ASME 2013 International Congress and Exposition. December 20, 2013

Gupta Awarded Honorary Doctorate from King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok
Her Royal Highness the Queen of Thailand to preside over ceremony. November 7, 2013

Gupta Awarded Higher Doctorate from the University of Southampton
Prof. Ashwani Gupta was awarded a D.Sc. for his contributions to the field of combustion engineering. August 20, 2013

Gupta Receives Honorary Doctorate
Professor Ashwani Gupta awarded honorary doctorate from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. May 13, 2013

Ashwani Gupta Research Paper in Top 10 Downloaded at ASME Journal of Energy Resources Technology
Research paper debuted as fourth on list of top downloads in May. June 29, 2012

Ashwani Gupta Receives the Percy Nicholls Award
ME professor recognized for his scientific contributions in the field of solid fuels. July 25, 2011

Ashwani Gupta Awarded 2010 ASME Holley Medal
ME professor recognized for contributions to efficient alternative energy methods. December 13, 2010

ME Professor Re-Elected to American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Board of Directors
Dr. Ashwani Gupta begins his second 3-year term as AIAA Director of Technical Propulsion and Energy Group. April 21, 2010

Ashwani Gupta Awarded the ASME Worcester Reed Warner Medal
Professor recognized for engineering publications by ASME. November 24, 2009

ME Students Tour Waste Management Company
Professor A.K. Gupta and ENME 489W students visit waste management company April 21, 2009

Clark School Sweeps OTC Awards
Thin battery, nano-velcro and key exchange system named top UM inventions. April 7, 2009

Energy 2030 Conference set for November in Abu Dhabi
ME department collaborates with Petroleum Institute for international event June 26, 2008

Ashwani K. Gupta Appointed Distinguished University Professor
Designation is the highest academic honor bestowed by the University of Maryland. February 1, 2008

Mechanical Engineering Recognizes Faculty Accomplishments
Edward B. Magrab honored at reception recognizing distinguished service to campus and department. May 16, 2007

Ashwani Gupta Receives A. James Clark School of Engineering Outstanding Research Award
On September 13, 2006 Professor Ashwani Gupta receives prestigious award. September 15, 2006

Ashwani Gupta Receives Outstanding Research Award
Professor Ashwani Gupta received the UM College of Engineering Outstanding Research Award given to recognize exceptionally influential research accomplishments by its faculty. September 13, 2006

Professor Ashwani Gupta Recognized by Outstanding Service & Best Paper Awards
Congratulations to Professor Gupta for these outstanding awards. June 15, 2006

Mechanical Engineering Honors Prof. James Wallace & Faculty
Mechanical Engineering faculty were honored at the Faculty Recognition Event and Dinner on Friday, May 12. May 15, 2006

Ashwani Gupta's ENME 489W class visited the Wheelabrator Baltimore Company that converts domestic Wastes to Energy. March 15, 2005

Students from the ENME 489W visited the Wheelabrator Baltimore Company that converts domestic Wastes to Energy. March 10, 2005

ME Students Tour Power Plant in DC
Professor Ashwani Gupta and his ENME 489A class toured the General Services Administration Power plant. November 4, 2004

ENME 489W class visited Baltimore Company that converts domestic Wastes to Energy on April 22, 2004. April 22, 2004

Ashwani Gupta Chosen for Presidental Committee
ME Professor Ashwani Gupta has been invited to be a member of the Nanotechnology Technical Advisory Group. June 15, 2003

Ashwani Gupta provides his students a visit to Waste to Energy Power Plant
Ashwani Gupta took his students to see the WM Baltimore Resco Waste to Energy Power Plant. April 15, 2003

College Faculty Win a Prestigious NASA Award
The award is granted for the establishment of one of the seven NASA URETI. June 13, 2002

Students Visit Waste-to-Energy Power Plant
Professor Ashwani Gupta's ENME 489W class visited the Waste Management Baltimore RESCO Waste to Energy Conversion Power Plant located in Baltimore. March 15, 2002